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Which precisely is Selenium? Until we delve deeply into the advantages of first helping us consider what selenium is and why it is being used. Ok, Selenium is an open-source software research framework that is used on different web browsers to simplify testing. It has a suite of tools to suit different operational requirements. There are actually four separate methods in it: 1.Selenium RC (which is now deprecated) 2. Selenium IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment) 3. Selenium Grid 4. Selenium WebDriver Selenium WebDriver and Grid are actually combined into one, and that's what we're going to be talking about in this post. Why Does Selenium Use? Primarily, selenium is used to simplify the processing through different web browsers. It supports different browsers such as Chrome, Mozilla, Firefox, Safari, and IE, and using Selenium WebDriver; you can very quickly simplify web checking across those browsers. On your computer screen, you can see live automatic experiments being carried out. But the issue we will be addressing in this essay still remains as there are a lot of tools accessible for evaluating automation. An instructor requires experience. First, you need to know, preferably one programming language, Java or C#. AND You need to know what to expect 1. Selenium Webdriver API. 2. Apache POI API for reading and writing data to excel. 3. Log4j logging Utility for logging purposes. 4. IDE : Preferably, Eclipse. 5. Version Control: GIT or SVN. 6. Testing Framework: Preferably TestNG or JUnit. 7. CI Tool : Jenkins. 8. Build Tools: ANT and Maven. 9. Knowledge of Frameworks: KeywordDriven, DataDriven, and Hybrid.
You can compose your scripts in any of these programming languages, and in no time, Selenium can translate them into codes that are compliant with Selenium. Therefore, there is no need to learn just the expressions of Selenium. In addition, each style provided by Selenium has dedicated frameworks that help to compose test script for selenium processing automatically. So when you go for Selenium as an application testing tool, you don't have to think about vocabulary and maintaining the system as Selenium does that for you!
2. Open Source Compatibility One of the many aspects that contribute to the advantages of Selenium is its openness to open source. Therefore, as an open source resource, selenium is a platform for automation that is publicly accessible and affordable, with no upfront costs. Anyway, here you can save dollars, and use them for some good reasons. The Selenium group continually allows developers and software engineers to simplify the functionality and functionalities of web browsers. Being open-source, selenium also will enable you to modify the code for more natural code control and boost the performance of predefined functions and classes. Due to the ease of creating test scripts to verify features, selenium has become the most popular Web automation method.
3. "One Selenium script for all users." multi-browser support is what the Selenium project has been focusing on and improvising every day. According to StatCounter, browsers Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Edge are the most commonly adopted browsers worldwide and Selenium script is compliant with all the browsers listed. For each window, you need not edit files, just one file for all browsers. 4. Help Through Various Operating Systems Different people use different operating systems, and the automation platform has to help them all. Selenium is still a highly portable device that follows and can work through numerous operating systems such as Windows, Unix, Mac OS, UNIX, and so on. You may build Selenium test suites on any platform like Windows, then run the same test suite on another platform like Mac or Linux, for example. This allows developers and software engineers to compose test automation scripts quickly, without placing any focus on the framework it will operate on. 5. Ease of Installation The architecture for the Selenium Automation is a very simple to use method. Selenium provides a user friendly interface which helps to easily and effectively build and execute test scripts. You can also observe as the experiments run. You will review comprehensive Selenium test reports, and take follow-up behavior. Then never felt alone. There's always a big Selenium network available to help you in case of need. In the forum, you will submit the questions and do a brainstorm. 6. Reusability and integrations The Selenium automation software suites are versatile and can be checked through can browsers and operating systems, as mentioned earlier. Nonetheless, the problem is if Selenium is not an all-inclusive research method for Internet automation. It therefore requires plugins and add-ons from third parties to broaden the scope of the research. For starters, for handling test cases and producing reports, you have to combine Selenium with TestNG and JUnit. You'll need to connect it with some CI / CD software like Jenkins, Maven, and Docker to accomplish continuous monitoring. You also need to combine Selenium with software like Sikuli and conduct cross-browser testing with a cloud grid-like LambdaTest, to do image-based testing. Quick all management resources can be used to implement Selenium.
Check control is what's really relevant in lifecycle research. With Selenium features such as regrouping and refactoring of test cases it becomes easier and more efficient. This allows developers and users to modify the code easily, reducing replication, eliminating problems and increasing maintenance.
Such features make Selenium more versatile and functional relative to other testing tools for automation while helping to keep the advantage of Selenium.
8. Parallel Research Implementation and Go-to-Market
Faster The main objective of automated testing is to save time and effort. We may run multiple experiments in tandem with the aid of the Selenium Grid, thereby reducing the time of execution of the tests. With web grids for cross-browser computing, you can parallel check as many as hundreds of sites with Selenium, thus saving you time in hundreds.
9. Less Hardware Use
When you equate Selenium with other vendor-focused automation devices such as QTP, UFT, SilkTest, you can note that selenium needs less hardware relative to other research instruments.
10. Simple to understand and use
Selenium scripts aren't like composing a sophisticated hundred-page algorithm.
Write Selenium scripts is just write a few bits of software to simplify the website's functionalities. Documentation on the Selenium platform is also beneficial for developers and users to start testing selenium automation. Selenium training, research, and development support with the dramatically growing community is just a Google search away.
You can also use the Selenium IDE plugin on the Firefox browser to build Selenium scripts for future reference using the recording and play features.
11. Constant Updates Because selenium is sponsored by a group, and we all know that an involved community does not like to remain static, the Selenium project is also continuously delivering constant updates and improvements. The significant part about having a group is that these improvements are freely available and easily recognized, so you don't need any special preparation. This renders Selenium resourceful and cost-effective when opposed to other devices.
1)What is Selenium? > Selenium is a set of Automated Web Application Development Software Tools and is used mainly for Functional & Regression Testing. > If we have experience or knowledge in manual testing, then we can start learning Selenium. Then, practice Manual Checking first, then master Selenium. > Software knowledge is required to conduct Automated Testing (Functional Testing). 2) Requirements for Selenium Testing > Specifications for understanding and operating with Selenium, Professional Monitoring Experience or Knowledge, Software Information, Basic Databases, and HTML Fundamentals. 3) Choose Selenium Tools and Others for Automated Testing > You know, Selenium isn't a single tool; it's a tool kit, and it's not a program that has different components to do automated testing. > Select Editor to write Test Scrips (Eclipse IDE) > Select Programming Language (Java) > Select Test Tool (Selenium WebDriver) > Select Testing Framework (TestNG) > Select Maven ( > Select Jenkins Etc.. 4) Java for Selenium Java Standard Edition or Core Java Comments Data Types Modifiers Variables Operators Control Flow (Conditions, Loops, and Branching) String Handling Arrays IO and File Handling Methods (Predefined and User-Defined) Constructer (In Java, constructor is a function-like sequence of symbols. It is named when an object instance is generated and memory assigned to the entity.) (This is a particular type of method used to initialize the object.) Error Handling Java OOPS (Inheritance, Polymorphism, Abstraction, and Encapsulation)
Selenium Learning Objectives
5) Selenium WebDriver
Operations on Web Elements
instantiate a Browser and create the Browser Driver
Page Object Model (OR)
Writing Test Scripts
Run Test Scripts in Parallel
6) TestNG Testing Framework as Test Runner
> Writing TestNG Test Cases
> TestNG Annotations
> Grouping Test Cases
> Prioritizing Test Cases
> Executing Test cases/batches
> Executing multiple Java programs or classes using XML
> Generating Test Reports
7) Maven, Jenkins, and Test Result Analyzer Maven (Build Automation Tool) > Maven is used to describe the layout, requirements, design, and management of the project.
> The use of pom.xml in Maven allows us to configure the dependencies needed to build testing and run code.
> Maven installs the required files from the server automatically while the project is being created.
Jenkins (Continuous Integration) > Running Jenkins Selenium Testing helps you to run the testing if the Code evolves and move the code to a new environment when the testing pass.
> Jenkins will set a specific time for your experiments to run.
> They can save the past of the execution and Test Documents.
> Jenkins assists Maven in the design and continuous integration monitoring of a product.
Extent Reviews > Captures Screenshots (for missed steps) and Graphical Test Result Analysis etc.
8) Selenium Automation Framework
Creating Selenium Automation Framework using Selenium WebDriver, Java,
TestNG, Maven, Jenkins, and Extent Reports….
> Create Maven Project and add all required dependencies
> Create Java packages to store Config, Object Repositories,
Customized Commands, Reusable Functions, etc.…Supporting files…
> Create Test Scripts using those supporting files and Run Test Scripts
Automated testing Initially, people used to do manual checking that used to be a major headache. The primary purpose of software research is to simplify the regression checks. It is beneficial in massive projects. In such instances, when a minor change is made to the source code in any of the project's files, the tester has to check each and every generated program or project feature manually and that takes a lot of time. In such a case, automated testing tools like selenium are quite beneficial under order for the testers to thoroughly check entire systems from scratch may take many days of work. This saves the testers ' great testing time and also relieves them from pain. 2. Important Advantages Some of the most important advantages of using automated testing tools such as selenium are listed below· Less burden and stress for testers– As stated above, the amount of time needed to evaluate replicated test scenarios is reduced to almost zero on each and every new build. Thus the tester pressure is that. Company Clients Cost Reduction–The Business has to pay their salary to the developers, which is avoided through the software testing method. Not only does automation save time, but it also adds cost benefits to the company. Improved research scope–The use of selenium decreases the testing time and thus enables the tester to run further experiments on other application conditions concurrently. Better testing accuracy – A tester may miss or incorrectly assess a test scenario using the manual testing process. But the program will not neglect or wrongly test the test cases with the use of automated test scripts. 3. Human resource reduction:-Automation testing can perform software testing without a test engineer being required. To build automation scripts–Tester may construct automation scripts using his / her preferred language or the language provided by the automation method, as mentioned earlier, so communication is not a barrier. Automation scripts–Tester runs the test script , generated using Run commands from Automation Tool. It's as easy as it is. To display the test results from the automation framework – The application extracts data for each Ran of the automation scripts and produces a detailed report. The outcome sheet shows all relevant results to the customer, such as whether the tests performed operated correctly or not.
4. Some different tools:-Selenium may provide a variety of testing services and is therefore commonly utilized.
Selenium automation software can function regardless of the type of web application.
It can also be used through the test automation framework for performance testing.
Selenium is also used for automated testing of Web applications.
It is used with the popular concept of POM and keyword, data-driven, hybrid methods.
Testing of the Selenium website can be performed using several languages, plugins, and networks.
Selenium software testing is also essential for device apps of all forms.5. Fast and accurate:-Another downside is the pace criterion. In all cases, automated training will overcome manual checking. Not only is it fast, but it also requires fewer resources in individual tests. Even regular implementation of test cases is feasible with the probability of fewer errors. It also facilitates implementation illumination, functional testing, and checking for regression.
For example:–Let's assume there is a login page, and if the login attempts are efficient, it needs to be checked. It will be easy to write a couple of lines of code for this scenario and verify if the authentication attempts are successful or not with automated test case execution. Not only that, but these experiments can also be appropriately modified so they can be checked in different environments and web browsers. It is also possible to automate the generation of result files only by scheduling it at a given time.
6. Various client support: –Selenium, as a testing tool, supports a wide range of browsers like all new Internet Explorer, Opera, Chrome, Safari, and Mozilla Firefox models.
7. Joined by the online ecosystem:-It has a diverse group of developers backed up by Google. It provides quick support for any complaints, glitches, or new updates.
8. Other feasibility:–As far as Selenium users are concerned, there are a number of robust methods for positioning elements like Xpath, CSS, DOM, etc.
9. Applicable to OOP: –When Selenium implementations are then used, implementation of those constructs that revolve around object-oriented programming principles such as Keyword Driven, Data-driven, and Hybrid models is quite easy.
10. Effective development assistance: –Selenium uses also support the incorporation. With this method, simultaneous experiments can be conducted. The use of different browsers on different machines can, therefore, be achieved. It reduces the time required to execute operations for a large project.
Selenium Future scope: When you enjoy app engineering and acquiring technical knowledge, Selenium would undoubtedly be a cakewalk for you. Anyone who pursues a career in manual testing will make easy use of their Selenium experience for professional advancement and ability enhancement. Using Selenium is not a difficult task because it is open-source. Forrester research says testing is currently the' most successful software development process in which artificial intelligence can be implemented.' Since no product has ever been created without glitches, a little understanding of this simple and cost-free manual testing tool can guarantee tests of high quality. There is an extensive list of companies worldwide that focus on Selenium resources to check their needs. Not to mention that selenium is tech giants like Microsoft and Facebook's most favored test automation device. Use Selenium, along with various salesforce firms such as Google, Mozilla, LinkedIn, ThoughtWork, IBM, etc. We need to note that' Jason Higgins' now works at Google, the guy who began the Selenium project. Every year, multinational companies such as Infosys, Accenture, Wipro, Cognizant, etc. recruit Automation Engineers with strong expertise in selenium. Software engineering is an ever-evolving area, and testing and development departments are always in desperate need of persons who can assist them with their understanding of these innovative devices. Since Selenium provides multiple advantages and convenience, it's strongly recommended so you can think about making your career in this area without putting in much effort.Selenium 3.141.59 is the latest released update, but Selenium 3.6 + should be regarded as pre-release variants of Selenium 4.0. 2. Selenium published its first alpha variant of selenium recently. The unveiling of the official version of Selenium 4 is yet to be determined, but you can anticipate the update to come with many enhanced and improved features. Users must have specialized programming skills to use Selenium successfully, and they must invest considerable time in developing software systems and libraries required for automation.
Selenium job opportunities
The variety of job opportunities for skilled professionals in selenium processing is wide. They predominate in both Indian and foreign markets. Over the last 10 years, Test Automation has experienced so many improvements. Selenium being the strongest research method for applications, its market is at its peak right now. It is also called a standard web automation tool, as it is powered by almost any possible browser such as Firefox, Chrome etc.
Step by step you develop as a' Test Executer' (observes, executes and fixes bugs),' Research Engineer' (Critical analysis and handles matrices),' Senior Tester' (by achieving this stage a test engineer is known as a specialist tester where he / she can work in various business sectors such as banking, health, e-commerce, etc.),' Technical Tester' (highly specialized in safety testing and automation),' Tester' Selenium Automation Tester, Selenium Expert, Selenium Assay Led Automation. Just mention a few of these are several reputed career profiles given to the applicants.
Selenium Work Pay Perspective
Wages differ by business, an employee's skill level and past experience. The latter two i.e. skill set & expertise is something that really counts in this research of automation. The Indian average salary scale for Selenium Test Engineers varies from 3.50,000 to 5.00,000. The Senior Automation Engineers receive > 7,00,000 pay. In US wage varies from $40,000 to $75,000. At an initial stage, according to payscale.com, an Automation Engineer's average salary in India is around 4.5lakhs per annum.
Technology developers receive medical compensation, incentives, and many other advantages. The average salary for a Senior Test Automation Engineer is around 8lakhs / annum. Huge chances of salary increase with practice, and a lucrative future can be heralded after indulging more and more in this area.
Any tester has a great opportunity in their career to tower development. Starting out as a' trainer' one can grow steadily by acquiring new skills and learning about new technologies.
News, and Report 1. Selenium 3.4 was the current stable release before the WebDriver W3C standard implementation, which is intended for Selenium 4.0, was incorporated. Several break changes have occurred since, but in my experience, Selenium 3.5.2 is also reasonably stable.
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